Francis Henry Grice Library of Congress Daguerreotype 1502, ca1844, Proposed to Depict Sylvia Sessions Lyon

The cropped image on the left is Sylvia Sessions Lyon from Smart, Donna Toland, ed. “Introduction.” In Mormon Midwife, 1–30. University Press of Colorado, 1997. p15. The image on the right is cropped and horizontally flipped from the Library of Congress Grice Daguerreotype Collection number 1502. [Unidentified young woman, half-length portrait, facing front] (

Francis Henry Grice Library of Congress Daguerreotype 1365, ca1844, Proposed to Depict Lucy Mack Smith

The image on the left is a carte de visite albumin print copy of an earlier round Daguerreotype. See: Romig, Ronald E., and Lachlan Mackay. “Lucy’s Image: A Recently Discovered Photograph of Lucy Mack Smith.” Journal of Mormon History 31, no. 2 (2005): 61–77. The image on the right is cropped from the Library of Congress Grice Collection Daguerreotype 1365. [Unidentified woman, three-quarters length portrait, seated with left arm resting on table with tablecloth and book] | Library of Congress (
This is a quarter-plate Daguerreotype and is hand-colored, likely by Francis Grice. Very few images in the Grice collection were in the larger quarter-plate format and hand-colored. Note the black mourning dress.

Francis Henry Grice Library of Congress Daguerreotype 1509, ca1844, Proposed to Depict Marinda Nancy Johnson Hyde

The image on the left is Marinda Nancy Johnson Hyde cropped from AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARINDA NANCY JOHNSON HYDE (1818-1868) cited in Edward W. Tullidge, The Women of Mormondom. New York, 1877. Marinda Nancy Johnson Hyde – Doctrine and Covenants Central The image on the right is cropped from the Library of Congress Francis Grice Daguerreotype Collection image 1509. [Unidentified woman, seated half-length portrait, facing front] – digital file from original | Library of Congress ( Neither image has been flipped.
Marinda Nancy Johnson married Orson Hyde in Kirtland, Ohio, in 1834. [Unidentified woman, seated half-length portrait, facing front] – digital file from original | Library of Congress ( see: Orson Hyde, Member of the First Morman Quorum of Twelve, As Seen (Twice) by Francis Henry Grice – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations (
Two Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype images of Marinda Nancy Johnson Hyde, ca 1844. The image on the right is cropped from Grice LOC image 1354. [Unidentified man and woman, seated, facing front] | Library of Congress (

A Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype Proposed to Depict Sarah de Arman (Dearman) Pea Rich (1814-1893)

The image on the right is cropped from the Library of Congress Grice Collection Daguerreotype 1350 and is not flipped horizontally. [Unidentified woman, half-length portrait, facing front] | Library of Congress ( The image on the left is cropped from a painting done by William Major, ca1842, held by the International Society, Daughters of the Utah Pioneers.SarahPeaRich.jpg (1254×1629) (

Charles and Sarah Rich oil portraits by William Major
Charles and Sarah Rich Daguerreotypes by Francis Henry Grice

A Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype, ca1844, Proposed to Depict Vilate Murray Kimball

The left image is proposed to depict Vitale Murray Heber (1806-1867). The image has been cropped and flipped horizontally from Grice Library of Congress Daguerreotype Image 1373, a ninth-plate Daguerreotype. [Unidentified woman, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly left] | Library of Congress ( The right image is identified as Vitale Murray Heber and is from an engraving from a photograph. PHOTO: Vilate Kimball, Daughters of Utah Pioneers KIM0013 or Church History Library PH 3355 fd.1 item.2; see frontis of Orson F. Whitney, “Life of Heber C. Kimball.” published by the Kimball Family, 1888. frontis. online at:

The Short Life of the Geneva Pharmacy, Another Tragedy from Tax Increment Financing: An Open Letter to the Geneva City Council

Dear Geneva City Council:

The Geneva Pharmacy at 501 East State Street is for sale for $400K. It opened less than a year ago. The for-sale ad does not suggest that the business is being sold as a going concern.

501 E State St, Geneva, IL 60134 – Retail Property for Sale – 501 E. State Street (

By the way, the for-sale ad lists a drive-thru on State as an amenity. Of course, you denied the Geneva Pharmacy applicant a drive-thru because one of you lives up the street. Somehow the truth is always the first of the many casualties when the City of Geneva acts. The applicant said his business plan would not work without a drive-thru. He was right.

Thanks only to inflation, TIF 2 “worked” at 501 E. state…the property tax doubled from 2002-2021 even in the face of the “Great Recession.” Last year TIF2 took $4K of the $7k total property tax while the schools got $2K. The Geneva Tax Assessor now lists the fair cash value as $247K. But the TIF only worked to fund your slush fund. The only other thing that “incremented” was the tax bill of every City of Geneva property owner and many others outside the City.

Property Tax for 501 E State Street During TIF2. The City gambled away $93.5K with a TIF gift to Geneva Pharmacy, snatching defeat from the jaws of victory. The Sage of Sandholm predicted this result: everyone loses.

So the news is not good. You might recall that I suggested that the pharmacy use was ill-advised and inconsistent with Geneva’s Comprehensive Plan. Plus another drive-thru was the last thing needed on East State Street. (How’s that Dunkin’ coming?) May-13-Public-Comment ( But with the 2023 end of TIF2 fast approaching and the cash burning a hole in council members’ pockets, you greased through a TIF grant of $93.5K by amending text in the B3E zoning ordinance specifically for this one applicant (“spot zoning” in its purest form). See: Geneva OKs two TIF projects worth nearly $200,000 (

The applicant paid $265K for the property in 2021 (see tax bill) and claimed he invested $517K total in it, plus the $93.5 TIF2 gift for a total of $610,500.00. The applicant hopes to get back $400K for a 900-square-foot building.

So “but for” the TIF gift from the City of Geneva taxpayers (plus the money stolen from the taxpayers living outside the City but within other Geneva taxing bodies like school, library, and park districts), this fiasco might have been avoided. Geneva Pharmacy is yet another example of “Cummins’ Rule” which states “When the City of Geneva gets involved, it makes losers out of everyone.”

Please suspend all further activity in TIF2 and refund the remaining balance, if any, to the other taxing bodies in 2023 at its expiration. Help make Geneva affordable again.

Thank you.

Rod Nelson

ps: Let us hope that another even heavier shoe won’t drop due to this blunder. (See: Has Geneva TIFed Away Both Net Tax Revenue and the East Side CVS Pharmacy? – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations (

An 1844 Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype Proposed to Depict Jedediah Morgan Grant, “Brigham’s Sledgehammer”

This “F Grice” image appears on Pinterest (see: 4613c25935f589818600208bd168bb4f.jpg (952×1135) ( This image proposed by RBN to depict Jedediah Grant (1816-1856) is the first F Grice image to be located by RBN outside the Grice Collection at the Library of Congress. The image depicted here is no longer found on eBay, and its current domicile is unknown.
The left image is cropped from Jedediah Morgan Grant – Biography ( The image was captured before 1857 by Savage and Ottinger, Salt Lake City. The right image is cropped from the image above. Neither has been flipped horizontally.

Jedediah Morgan Grant’s migration from New York to Utah typified the “chain migration” west of families and closely-knit New England Communities. Wilford Woodruff and Grant left Nauvoo together in May 1844 to go east to campaign for Joseph Smith’s bid for U.S. President. They stopped to visit Jedediah’s father Joshua at the latter’s farm near Galesburg in Knox County Illinois. Here Woodruff recalled that his own father and Joshua’s father (also a Joshua) were classmates back in Connecticut.


Page 258


May 11, 1844 ~ Saturday

11th We travled across the prairies this day to Br Justice Ames on Ceder Creek within 3 miles
of Galesburg, it was the first time I had been on his farm he had a plesent place of 100 acres & 40 acres in corn & wheat they all appeared glad to see me we spent the night with them I talked with them untill about midnight. In the morning before we left, we lade hands upon Br Justice Ames & his Son Christopher Ames & ordained them unto the office of Elders. distance of the day 20 miles

May 12, 1844 ~ Sunday

12th Sunday we parted with Br Ames family He accompanied us on our way 12 miles to the big mound & we parted with him & he returned & we continued on to walnut grove & stoped at Br John Gaylords & fed the Horses I accompanied Br Grant to his fathers house He found them well except his mother was some out of health his father Joshua Grant was a school mate of my fathers in Connecticut told an anecdote concerning a coon & a cheese after spending 2 hours plesantly & dining with them we took our departure & rode to Fraker’s Groove & spent the night with Br Austin Grant & Gideon Gillet distance of the day 31 miles

May 13, 1844 ~ Monday

13th [FIGURE] I wrote a letter to Mrs Woodruff & sent By Elder Grant informed her to write to Kirtland we had a rainy morning, we parted with Elder Grant and rode to Toulon and spent the night with Br Adam Perry held a meeting with the Saints & appointed a meeting at the Court House at 2 oclock on the morrow distance of the day 9.

Page 258 of Journal (January 1, 1843 – December 31, 1844) | Wilford Woodruff Papers

Grice daguerreotypes have sporadically appeared on the internet and in museum exhibitions. For example the web site, 35 Vintage Photos Show Styles of Victorian Men in the Mid-19th Century ~ Vintage Everyday, include the two Grice images shown below, Reverend Arthur Buckminster Fuller (1822-1862) and Brigham Young (1801-1877). A current exhibition at the New Orleans Museum of Art, Called to the Camera: Black American Studio Photographers – New Orleans Museum of Art (, displays Grice’s portrait of Reverend Fuller’s 1844 fellow Nauvoo visitors, Reverend Augustus Conant and Betsey Kelsey Conant.

A Francis Henry Grice August 23, 1844, Portrait Proposed to Depict Phebe Carter Woodruff, Wife of Wilford Woodruff

August 23, 1844 ~ Friday

23rd [FIGURE] Mrs Woodruff and myself visited Br
and Sister Stodard and Br and Sister Foster and
obtained our miniatures by the ingennuety of Br Foster at the apparatus of his Darroutype [daguerreotype] we both obtained a good likeness.” Page 320 of Journal (January 1, 1843 – December 31, 1844) | Wilford Woodruff Papers, Please also see: William Woodruff or Yet Another Nauvoo Francis Grice Doppelganger? – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations (

The left image is cropped from Phebe Woodruff, Mar 8, 1849, Boston, Massachusetts | Wilford Woodruff Papers and represents an interesting intersection of the history of the Mormons and the history of Daguerreotypy. It was taken in the Boston Studio of John Plumbe, Jr., by one of his trainees, Marsena Cannon. (Plumbe’s Studio in Boston was the place where Jonathan Walker’s branded right hand was imaged in 1846: MHS Collections Online: The branded hand of Captain Jonathan Walker ( The right image is cropped from the Grice Collection [Unidentified woman, seated half-length portrait, facing front] | Library of Congress ( and is image #1515. This sixth-plate image is in an ornate Rinhart Case 96 with a decorated brass surround. Francis Grice learned Daguerrotypy from his cousin Robert Douglass, Jr., who studied under the famed portraitist Thomas Sully at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia. Douglass learned Daguerreotypy from Daguerre in Paris in 1839. (see: Francis Henry Grice’s Daguerrean Views – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations ( Obviously, Grice’s Portrait of Phoebe Woodruff is far superior to Cannon’s both artistically and technically.
[Unidentified woman, seated half-length portrait, facing front] | Library of Congress (
Phoebe’s mother was Sarah Fabyan Carter (1775-1845). Pheobe’s maternal grantfather was Joshua Fabyan (1742-1799). Geneva, Illinois, readers would recognize the name of Colonel George Fabyan. The Colonel’s great-grandfather was also Joshua Fabyan (1742-1799) of Scarborough, Cumberland County, Maine, United States of America.

For additional information about the Grice Daguerreotypes in the Library of Congress, please see: 1) All Twenty-Five Men in the Library of Congress Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype Collection with Their Identities as Proposed by RBN, Details Elsewhere on this site – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations (; and 2) Francis Henry Grice’s Daguerrean Views – Rod’s Ramblings and Ruminations (

A Francis Henry Grice Daguerreotype Proposed to Depict Eliza R. Snow, Early Mormon Leader, and Poet, Spring or Summer of 1844, Nauvoo, Illinois, Plus, Her Poem on a Portrait of Joseph Smith

This intriguing stanza from Eliza Snow’s poem “The Portrait” certainly sounds like a description of a Daguerreotype case. If so, that Daguerreotype could have been the long suspected “missing Daguerreotype of the Prophet.” But if it were a frontal facial image why would so many profile images have been made? See, for example, below the drawing attributed to Eliza Snow’s friend and colleague Bathsheba Smith. Also, the poem’s description predates the arrival in Nauvoo of Lucian R. Foster and Francis Grice in the spring of 1844.
This list of agents for the Nauvoo “Wasp” appears on the same page as the Snow poem. The Grice Collection contains images of Rev. Augustus and Betsy Conant and Rev. Arthur Buckminster Fuller, both known from their published diaries to have visited Nauvoo in the summer of 1844 shortly after the murder of the Smith brothers.

For a chronology of the images of Joseph Smith, see: Images of Joseph Smith – Mormonism, The Mormon Church, Beliefs, & Religion – MormonWiki. The half-portrait of Joseph Smith attributed to David Rogers (not to David White Rogers) was not executed until September 1842.

Early Life of Eliza Snow

“Eliza was born January 21, 1804, in Becket, Massachusetts, to Oliver and Rosetta Snow. She was the second of seven children. Her younger brother Lorenzo Snow later became the fifth President of the Church. The Snow family valued learning, and Eliza was a brilliant student. By the time she joined the Church in 1835, she was famous for her poems. Her autograph book includes signatures from the likes of Queen Victoria of England, Victor Hugo, Susan B. Anthony, and President Abraham Lincoln.

Conversion and Marriage

It was in Mantua, Ohio, where Eliza grew up, that the Snow family heard the restored gospel and was baptized. Shortly after her baptism in the spring of 1835, Eliza moved to Kirtland, Ohio, to teach the daughters and nieces of the Prophet Joseph Smith. During this time she developed a deep love for the Prophet and a fervent testimony of his divine calling. She was sealed to the Prophet on June 29, 1842. After his martyrdom, which grieved her deeply, Eliza became a plural wife of President Brigham Young, who held her in the highest esteem. She never had children. Eliza died in Salt Lake City on December 5, 1887.” Relief Society General President (

The subjects in the above images are in eerily similar poses, complete with tables and books. The left image is cropped from an image attributed to Marsena Cannon, ca1852. Eliza Roxcy Snow – Biography ( The right image is from the Grice collection at the Library of Congress. [Unidentified woman, three-quarters length portrait, seated, with arm resting on a table with tablecloth] ( Neither image has been horizontally flipped. The left image may be a tintype taken later than 1852 and thus may not be “mirrored.” The right image is a Daguerreotype and is mirrored. Note the ring on the left hand in the left picture and on the right hand in the right picture. The blouse buttons seem to be “backward” (as expected) on the right image. Eliza R. Snow was sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr., on June 29, 1842. Thus, the ring worn in the summer of 1844 may signify that marriage.
Joseph Smith was in hiding for a time in 1842 because of an alleged attempt on the life of Governor Boggs of Missouri., hence “…”driv’n from your home.” The “F” in “Miss F. R. Snow” is a typographical error. “Poem from Eliza R. Snow, 20 August 1842,” p. [4], The Joseph Smith Papers, accessed October 4, 2022,

File:Joseph Smith, Jr. profile by Bathsheba Smith circa 1843.jpg – Wikimedia Commons For more on Bathsheba Smith and her friend Eliza R. Snow, see: Arrington, Leonard J. “The Legacy of Early Latter-Day Saint Women.” The John Whitmer Historical Association Journal 10 (1990): 3–17.